Tag Archives: future jobs

Women in STEM: the revolution ahead

On September 8, 70 days after the end of the financial year, Australia marked equal pay day. The time gap is significant as it marks the average additional time it takes for women to work to get the same wages as men.

Optimistically, we’d think this day should slowly move back towards June 30. And there are many reasons for optimism, as our panel of thought leaders point out in our online roundtable of industry, research and government leaders.

Yet celebrating a lessening in inequity is a feel-good exercise we cannot afford to over-indulge in.

While we mark achievements towards improving pipelines to leadership roles, work to increase enrolments of girls in STEM subjects at schools and reverse discrimination at many levels of decision making and representation, the reality is that many of these issues are only just being recognised. Many more are in dire need of being addressed more aggressively.

Direct discrimination against women and girls is something I hear about from mentors, friends and colleagues. It is prevalent and wide-reaching. There is much more we can do to address issues of diversity across STEM areas.

Enrolments of women in STEM degrees vary from 16% in computer science and engineering to 45% in science and 56% in medicine. These figures reinforce that we are teaching the next generation with the vestiges of an education system developed largely by men and for boys. There is a unique opportunity to change this.

Interdisciplinary skills are key to innovation. Millennials today will change career paths more frequently; digital technologies will disrupt traditional career areas. By communicating that STEM skills are an essential foundation that can be combined with your interest, goals or another field, we can directly tap into the next generation. We can prepare them to be agile workers across careers, and bring to the table their skills in STEM along with experiences in business, corporates, art, law and other areas. In this utopian future, career breaks are opportunities to learn and to demonstrate skills in new areas. Part-time work isn’t seen as ‘leaning out’.

We have an opportunity to redefine education in STEM subjects, to improve employability for our graduates, to create stronger, clearer paths to leadership roles, and to redefine why and how we study STEM subjects right from early primary through to tertiary levels.

By combining STEM with X, we are opening up the field to the careers that haven’t been invented yet. As career areas shift, we have the opportunity to unleash a vast trained workforce skilled to adapt, to transition across fields, to work flexibly and remotely.

We need to push this STEM + X agenda right to early education, promoting the study of different fields together, and creating an early understanding of the different needs that different areas require.

This is what drives me to communicate science and STEM through publications such as Careers with Science, Engineering and Code. We want to convey that there are exciting career pathways through studying STEM. But we don’t know what those pathways are – that’s up to them.

Just think how many app developers there were ten year ago – how many UX designers. In 10 or even five years, we can’t predict what the rapidly growing career areas will be. But we can create a STEM aware section of the population and by doing so now, we can ensure that the next generation has an edge in creating and redefining the careers of the future.

Heather Catchpole

Founder and Managing Director, Refraction Media

Read next: CEO of Science and Technology Australia, Kylie Walker, smashes all of the stereotypes in her campaign to celebrate Women in STEM.

People and careers: Meet women who’ve paved brilliant careers in STEM here, find further success stories here and explore your own career options at postgradfutures.com.

Spread the word: Help Australian women achieve successful careers in STEM! Share this piece on women combining skills in STEM using the social media buttons below.

More Thought Leaders: Click here to go back to the Thought Leadership Series homepage, or start reading the Graduate Futures Thought Leadership Series here.

Undervaluing STEM skills

“The Mapping Australian higher education 2016 report just released by the Grattan Institute should not be used as an argument to undervalue the contribution that Science Technology Engineering and Maths (STEM) skills make to our economy and future workforce,” says Australian Industry Group (Ai Group) Chief Executive, Innes Willox.

“In highlighting that science graduates find difficulties in obtaining employment the report potentially misrepresents the broader value of STEM skills.

“The STEM debate is not just about science, but it often gets reduced to this, and there is an important distinction between STEM skills and STEM occupations as illustrated by the following observation from the World Economic Forum’s Human Capital 2016 report:

Most new jobs will have a technology component to them. This does not mean, however, that all young people everywhere should simply move into core STEM fields or computer programming. What will be increasingly needed in the 21st century is good training in basic technology competence, asking the right questions, critical thinking, analysing concepts and leading a purposeful life – creativity, collaboration and non-cognitive skills.

“The fact that science graduates have difficulty securing employment does not reduce the importance of STEM skills, which are more pervasive. The difficulty that science graduates experience securing employment may well relate to their lack of employability skills. Technical skills obtained through degree studies are only part of what is required. Employers want graduates to have employability skills and some familiarity with workplaces to more effectively enable them to apply their skills in real workplace situations.

“Looking at the employment rates of STEM graduates today in isolation would be like assessing IT employability skills before the internet was developed – it is very much about the future and creating that future and putting STEM among the mix of skills graduates obtain,” says Willox.

– The information in the Undervaluing STEM article was first published by the Ai Group on 8 August 2016. Read the original article here