The world is changing and changing fast! Several studies, such as Australia’s Future Workforce released by CEDA last year, tell us that 40% of the jobs we know today will not exist in 15 years. So what do we need to do be ready for this? Here is my four-step plan:
1. Need for basic science literacy
The need of a base level of science literacy is growing as our society becomes increasingly dependent on technology and science to support our daily lives. However, the number of school children undertaking science and mathematics in their final years at high school is dropping at alarming rates.
Those who can use devices and engage with new technology are able to participate better in the modern world. Those unable to are left behind.
Because Australia has high labour costs, and as robotics and other automated technologies replace many jobs, school education needs to inspire young Australians to realise that science is both a highly creative endeavour, and a pathway to entrepreneurial and financial success.
We need to inspire a wider range of personality types to consider post-school science and engineering training and education as a pathway to build new businesses.
2. Need to broaden the scope of university education
Currently Australian universities are highly motivated to direct research and teaching activities towards academic excellence, as this is the recognised measure of university performance.
Industry experience and methods of solving industrial problems are not generally seen as components of the metrics of academic excellence.
We need to increase the focus on developing entrepreneurial skills and industry exposure and engagement during university education.
“If we are to achieve improvements in economic stimulus by R&D investment, it will be necessary to lift the skills base and the absorptive capacity of Australian companies.”
3. Need to lift industry skills
It is essential that businesses and technologists better understand people’s needs and wants, so they can be more successful in designing and producing products and services that increase their competitiveness locally, and allow them to enter the global market. They can do this by using the opportunities that digital-, agile-, e- and i-commerce can offer.
If we are to achieve improvements in economic stimulus by R&D investment, it will be necessary to lift the skills base and the absorptive capacity of Australian companies.
Recent statistics demonstrate that Australian manufacturing is characterised by a high vocational education and training (VET) to university-educated workforce ratio. If we are to move to a more advanced industry focus in Australia, this ratio needs to change – not necessarily by reducing the number of VET-qualified employees, but through the development of higher-value positions that necessitate a university science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) educated workforce.
In industrial settings, complexities occur where the adoption of design-led innovation principles can make a difference. Recent research has indicated that the application of design-led innovation by Australian companies can be the forerunner of future success.
4. Embracing the full human potential
As future capacity builds through the initiatives mentioned above, there is a need to engage the full spectrum of capability that is already trained in STEM.
There is latent capability there for the taking if we capitalise on the opportunities that a diverse workforce has to offer.
Development of approaches to attract and retain women, people of different cultures, broader age groups including the young and the old, and all socioeconomic classes, has the potential to lift our workforce skill set.
Time is running out. We need to act now.
Deputy Director and Science Director, CSIRO Manufacturing Flagship
Read next: Dr Alex Zelinsky, Chief Defence Scientist and Head of the Defence Science and Technology Group on how National security relies on STEM.
Spread the word: Help to grow Australia’s innovation knowhow! Share this piece using the social media buttons below.
Be part of the conversation: Share your ideas on innovating Australia in the comments section below. We’d love to hear from you!